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Vba- Activating Workbook Variable

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If I want to activate a workbook, I would do this:



But what if the File.xls was a variable named File?

I have tried this:



Without success. Please advise.

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Hi, I'm trying to get some macros to combine data from two open workbooks, and I can't figure out the commands to switch from the active workbook to the other open workbook and back. I'm new to VBA and just learning the ropes. All I can figure out is how to switch to another workbook with an exact name. If I record the macro to go to a recent file, for example Window > 1 (filename), the code that I get in VBA is Windows("filename").Activate. This doesn't translate to when I have two different workbooks with different filenames open.

Make sense? I'm a bit confused myself. Maybe just a list of basic workbook-switching techniques or commands would be useful.

- Michael

I'm trying to open a pdf file from within excel vba. I have tried using the followhyperlink method but adobe acrobat opens very briefly then immediately closes Code:

Sub OpenPDF()

'Dim pdf As String

    On Error Resume Next

    'pdf file to open
    pdf = "K:\PDF\mypdf.pdf"

    'open the pdf file
    ActiveWorkbook.FollowHyperlink pdf

End Sub

So then I tried to create an instance of acrobat by setting a reference to the acrobat object but I can't get this to work either!

The code I'm using is Code:

Sub OpenPDF()

    Dim pdf As AcroPDDoc
    Dim strPDF As String

    Set pdf = CreateObject("AcroExch.PDDoc")
    'pdf file to open
    strPDF = "K:\PDF\mypdf.pdf"

    'open the pdf file
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End Sub

Any ideas what could be wrong with either approach?


Thought I'd append my experience of the above problem - you can find all sorts of references to it everywhere.

My problem was that a userform defined with Excel at work (containing DT pickers) gave the message in the title when opening it at home. I had a light-bulb moment and wondered whether there was a difference in the version numbers for MSCOMCT2.OCX at work and at home. Turned out the work version was newer. I then copied the MSCOMCT2.* files from work, made a backup of them at home and copied those from work to my C-drive (Windows XP - c:\windows\system32\ ).

No luck. I then rebooted the machine - still no luck.
Then, finally I unregistered the old DLL via

regsvr32 /u c:\windows\system32\MSCOMCT2.OCX

(not sure if this was necessary, but I didn't think it could hurt). Reregistered the DLL via

regsvr32 c:\windows\system32\MSCOMCT2.OCX

and what do you know - it worked.

Summa summarum - it could be an idea to check whether the two machines have different version numbers for the MSCOMCT2.OCX files.

I have workbook in which I want to save a specific worksheet to a new file with only the values saved - all data in this worksheet are references to cells on another worksheet, which is using VLOOKUP to pull data from a database.

Found the following code and it gets me close, but it copies the cell references, not the values. It also allows me to specify the file name from a cell reference.

I want the new workbook file to simply be saved, not opened, and a message box to display stating where the file was saved (will always be in the same location on the LAN).

What modifications do I make to this to get this to work per above requirements?

Sub CopyMe()
Dim SaveMeAs As String
SaveMeAs = Sheets("Sheet1").Range("B2").Text
ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs Filename:="C:\My Documents\" & SaveMeAs
End Sub


Recently, I find that the Pivot Table toolbar does not show up when I activate it. I have reinstalled Excel but it still does not show up when I activate it in the Pivot Table. Can someone advise me on what settings I shoudl do to turn it on again ? Thanks.

I have a file that became too big due to phantom bloat, unused range saved by Excel and all that kind of reasons. Thank to previous posts on that board tackling that issue, I was able to find how to proceed to reduce the file back to its normal size.
But I did so in a beta file (test file). The real file has become so big (103MB!) that Excel cannot even open it anymore! The file contains archive info that we do not have anywhere else.
Is there anyway then to open the file or to reduce its size without opening it (through magics...)? I just honestly don't know how to retrieve that info before deleting that file.

Thank you very much for your help.

I need help desparately. Last night I spent several hours working on an
Excel 2002 spreadsheet and it has disappeared.

I saved it routinely as I was making many changes updates etc. I opened
original file --stuff.xls --- made changes and saved it as again as
stuff.xls. I have done this several times before.

Today, when I go to open stuff.xls, it is nowhere to be found!!!!! I have
done a search, for any file modified since Thurs and nothing has appeared. I
have checked the recycle bin, this did not go into auto recover nothing of
the like. I am just traumatized, because I have NEVER had anything like this
happen before.

I even thought perhaps I didn't save it as often as I thought, (I know that
I did) but I remembered that I saved it at least once and I can't even find
an Excel file that has been modified since Thurs!!!

Does anyone have any idea what could have happened to this file?? BTW, I
have prayed, rebooted, run spybot, called witch doctor, all with no success.

I have never had a file to just disappear with no trace. Any help would be
greatly appreciated.

Thanks in advance---

I have a requirement to change the panes in excel.
My excel file will contain more than one tab.
I have to free the first two lines in all the tabs except the first one.
I tried the following code.


ActiveWindow.FreezePanes = True

But in this I have to change the Active Worksheets in VBA, Which I want to avoid.
Is there any method to achieve this without selecting the cells.
Something like

xlsobj.Worksheets(1).Rows("1:2").FreezePanes = True

file locked for editing , can I kick the other user out if its my file?

I have made an excel file where other people have to go in and update it. This process takes 2 secs but some people forget and stay in it over lunch etc causing a great annoyance.
Is there anyway I can "kick" them out my file? Im not concerned if they lose any data they've entered as I'm sure this will help them get the message to get out the file quicker..
Its really doing my head in... pls help

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Example User's path: 'C:\Documents and Settings\jfarc\Desktop'

Where 'jfarc' is the name of the current User which, will of course change with every different User that runs the Macro.

Also, is there a way to pull out of Excel what is the current User's 'Options | General | Default File Location' entry? Which may differ from the above directory.

I am familiar with and use the following coding for Opening/Saving files to the current directory of the opened workbook, but it only gives the path of the existing Excel workbook and not the current User's Directory Path:

Dim wbThis As Workbook
Set wbThis = ThisWorkbook
ChDir wbThis.Path

We have an Excel spreadsheet that sits on the network.
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We would like for the file to open for the first person.
And then for any others after that, get a message that the file is in use
WITHOUT the option to open a read-only copy.
Our staff can't read and they keep opening additional copies of the file!
I have read about sharing the file and I don't think that would make things
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Is it possible to write a macro that will start with the first file in a folder, open it and update links, run a macro, save and close, and open the next file in the folder until it has open all the files in the folder.

I have experience with creating macros that reference different workbooks, but not sure how to go about opening files with different filenames (without referencing the exact filename).

I'd like to be able to have basic code for opening, saving and closing, opening next file, saving and closing, etc. and input the macro I'd need to run in each file in the appropriate location. Is this possible? Any help is greatly appreciated!!


I did a bit of browsing on this problem. Found others suffering the same but haven't found any conclusive answer yet.

Every so often when I attempt to save a file, (including save as), Excel won'r let me. By won't let me I mean:

using Save doesn't appear to do anything using Save As doesn't either do anything, the dialog is not displayed and if I am doing via the File menu then the File menu is exited and the previous ribbon tab is displayed (i.ethe one I was on before clicking 'File') if I close the workbook I am prompted to save, close without saving or cancel. Clicking save just invokes the same msgbox again. I can't work out when it goes into this mode. Some days I can work without this problem, other days I encounter this 2 or 3 times.

The only thing I could suspect was I think this started around about the time I installed xlDennis' code library. I have uninstalled the addin and so far so good, but I cannot categorically say that this was the cause.

Anyone have any idea?


Edit: I have read this:
Doesn't seem to cover the issue I describe

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If I right-click the button in Design Mode and select Properties, I get sheet properties not the button properties. I can't seem to locate the command button properties any longer. I still see the button name "cmdButtonGetInfo" and "=EMBED("Forms.CommandButton.1","") in the name box and formula bar. The odd thing is if I create a new button it works fine until I save and close the file. When I reopen the file none of the buttons work.

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Does anyone know of a way to unhide this macro?



I need to open a password protected workbook using VBA.

I've tried the code below but I still get prompted for a password.


Workbooks.Open Filename:="\\HOME\Working\Report.xls" _
        , Password:="xxxx"

How do I get it to open automatically???

Hi all

I've code some VBA code which produces an output file from a template.
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I've tried turning off displayalerts but it's not working.
Is there any way of turning this message off?

Hi all,

I've been getting this error on occasion recently.

- It's a shared document
- There is usually 10-12 people using the file at the same time

I've read on the Microsoft Help site that the issue is that somebody is accessing the file while another is trying to open it.

Is there a way, perhaps through VBA, that I can not allow a user to save while somebody else is opening the document? Other suggestions on how to avoid this error?


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Currently, I import the file into one worksheet and cut/paste the rows manually into new worksheets/tabs. The files are very large, sometimes exceeding the 65,536 row limit, which I could avoid if the data was split out coming in.

Any help anyone could provide would be WONDERFUL. Thanks!

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This is a very basic question, but i have been struggling for hours, so I must ask.

I I trying to simply fill a combobox on a userform from a named range on a sheet, I want to populate the combobox as soon as the userform starts. (I launch the userform from a button on the sheet) Where must I place the code? and will this code work?

Sub Button1_Click()
Set UserForm1.combobox1.List = Sheets("Sheet1").Range("MyRange")
End Sub

I am very new to vba, so please excuse my ignorance,
any help would be greatly appreciated


Hi all.

I have set up a workbook that is sent out to lots of different users. They each keep and use their own copy.

I have set it up so that everything looks OK and is visible on MY screen, but I'm conscious that some users may have different screen sizes, different toolbars set up, and so on, which might make some parts not immediately visible to them.

I have set up an auto-execute macro which automatically sets the zoom factor to best fit, for several of the worksheets, and this works fine.
Here's the code that does it.

    ActiveWindow.Zoom = True

By repeating this code for each worksheet, I can make each one be zoomed just right.

However, the file contains 8 sheets that are all identically laid out, except the number of rows is different.
What I want to do is go to the worksheet that has the largest number of rows (it's always the same worksheet, so I know which one it is), set the zoom factor for THAT worksheet (which I can do, and it always has the same number of rows), and then take THAT zoom factor, whatever it is - and it will vary depending on the user - and apply that to the other worksheets that have a similar layout.

I could just go through each worksheet and zoom it automatically, but that would mean that some of the sheets looked very large, others very small, and I'd like them to have a consistent appearance.
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This is weird. The Merge functionality is not working, the Button is grayed down.

The sheet/workbook are not protected, nor shared, there is no VBA code in the file...

Does anyone knows what else can it be? Everything else is working fine!!!


Hi all,

I have written some code that when a button is selected will Refresh a Data Query Table and all of it's information. However, I seem to be getting issues, can some one point me in the right direction with the code?


.Sheets("Sheet 1").ListObject.QueryTable.Refresh BackgroundQuery:=False

When I recorded myslef doing this process it looked like this:


Sheets("Sheet 1").Select
Selection.ListObject.QueryTable.Refresh BackgroundQuery:=False

Many thanks!

Hey guys,

I'm trying to write a macro which prints to PDF and saves the file name as the contents of a cell. I've been looking through all the posts currently on this forum to get something working. I'm using the following code -

Sub PrintPDF()
Filename = "C:\Documents and Settings\samb\My Documents\" & ActiveSheet.Range("Z1").Value
SendKeys Filename & "{ENTER}", False
ActiveWindow.SelectedSheets.PrintOut Copies:=1, ActivePrinter:= _
"Adobe PDF:", Collate:=True
End Sub

The macro prints to PDF, but then it stops at the Save As stage, where I have to manually enter the name of the file and click Save. I want the macro to automatically name the file with the contents of cell Z1. I then want it to then automatically press enter. Any ideas where I'm going wrong? Any help would be much appreciated!